State of Persia
|Shi'i Islam (predominant)
Persia is a country in western Asia. It is bordered by Russia and Turkestan to the north, Afghanistan and Balochistan to the east, and the Ottoman Empire and various Mesopotamian states to the west. Home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, the country has been ruled by the Dareshuri dynasty since the late 18th century. Its capital, the city of Shiraz, is situated in the extreme south of the Persian plateau. The country is also referred to by its indigenous Persian name, Iran (Persian: ایران, ērān).