|Capital||Terra de Santiago|
|Ecclesiastical jurisdiction||Diocese of Rome |
Archdiocese of Compostela
|Working languages||Spanish |
|Government||Unitary Christian theocratic elective monarchy|
• Apostolic see
|1st century by Saint Peter|
• Papal primacy
• Donation of Sutri
|728 (territory in Duchy of Rome)|
• Donation of Pepin
|756 (sovereignty in Duchy of Rome reaffirmed)|
• Papal States
1075: Dictatus papae
1177: Treaty of Venice (sovereignty reaffirmed)
• Avignon Papacy
• Santiago Papacy
(Pontevedra Treaty with Spain)
The Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes; Spanish: Santa Sede; Galician: Santa Sé) is the jurisdiction of the Pope in his capacity as the absentee Bishop of Rome. Santiago de Compostela, a city in Spain, has been the seat of the Papacy since the Venetian invasion and the Council of Rome (1909). The Holy See, in its temporal power, also acts as the government-in-exile of the Papal States (Latin: Dicio Pontificia), which had been replaced with the Latin Republic in 1908.
Terra de Santiago, the de facto capital of the Holy See, is a papal enclave consisting of numerous properties within and near the city of Santiago de Compostela, affirmed in the Treaty of Pontevedra between Ferdinand VIII of Spain and Pope Callixtus IV. The Pope himself resides in Gelmírez Palace, while the Roman Curia, the administration of the Holy See, is located at Fonseca Palace.
To this day, the legal status of the Holy See remains in dispute, with it being variously classified as having no sovereignty, to being an independent non-state actor, to being a sovereign state. Generally, it continues to act as an independent personality and is thought of as (semi-)sovereign.
The Holy See is variously referred to as the Petrine See, the Apostolic See, and the See of Rome, though the latter is in seldom use since 1909. As it claims to be also be a government-in-exile, the See may also be referred to as the Papal States or the State of the Church. Colloquially, the terms 'Papacy', 'Pontificate', and 'Santiago' are common.
Long nineteenth century: 1795—1908
Flight to Spain: 1908—1910
Callixtus IV's pontificate
List of leaders
List of popes
|No.||Name||Pontificate||Date and place of birth|
|269||Adrian VII||1973–||28 May 1903Boschkill, South Mizürie, Tussenland|