Lore Progress Tracker

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty

A consolidated list of what progress has been made in the TL so far, and the things still are still needed to be made.


✅: Lore and write-up is concrete.

✔️: Only vague lore, needs a better write-up.

❌: No lore at all

Google Docs list

North America


  • 1803: Novo-Arkangelsk (soon-to-be-capital of Alyeska) was founded by the Kurile Island Company.
  • 1815-1816: Explorer A. Kolchak hired by the Russian Pacific company to explore the southernmost parts of Russian claims in Alyeska.
  • 1816: The short-lived Port Alexander company was founded on Kolchak Island (now part of modern-day Westerzee, Tussenland).
  • 1828: Oldest cathedral build in 1828 in Novo-Arkhangelsk.
  • 1832: Kurile Island company becomes bankrupt.
  • Also 1832: Russo-Dutch treaty of 1832. Port Alexander settlement was abandoned and Russia dropped claims in the Pacific Northwest claimed by the Netherlands (event
  • connected with the bankruptcy of the Kurile Island company)
  • 1841: Kurile island company was revived again, and is commonly referred to today as the Second Kurile Island company to distinguish.
  • 1861: 2nd Kurile Island Company becomes bankrupt.
  • 1865: Russian Pacific Company, a state-sponsored company, was founded. 1870: Charter granted to the Russian Pacific company to administer Alyeska.
  • 1890: Alyeskan gold rush: influx of immigrants from Russia to Alyeska.

Amerikaens Free State

  • 1840: Treaty of Santa Maria, Voortrekker republics subjugated by Spain.
  • 1846: Gold Rush, Tussenlanders, Frenchpeople, Englishfolk migrate, mostly in the southern Boer regions.
  • 1903: Amerikaens Free State was created out of Kimoeenim and Westerzee.
  • (Blank Lore) 20th century AFS


Early Florida and Pirate Age

  • 1565: San Agustin was established (soon to be capital)
  • 1690s: Conflicting claims between the Dutch and the Spanish on the norther side of Florida
  • 1700s-1730: Small wars between indigenous groups on the outskirts of Florida, proxy war between Dutch and SPanish.
  • 1708: Spanish offered land grants to settlers, these settlers imported indentured servants, mostly minor criminals from northern Spain (Galicia, Basque county, Asturias, Leon).
  • 1720-1750: the Spanish fought a series of wars to rid of Florida of these pirates (who now fashioned themselves as 'The 2nd Pirate Republic' in the southern regions).
  • 1726-1735: Spanish moved 2000 Canary Islanders (known as Isleños) to settle the gulf coast.
  • 1750: Spain negotiated with the four infamous "Pirate Lords": Jim "King Andrew" Briggs, Catherine Kelly, One-eye Ned Jacobszoon, "El Lobo" Bortholomew Jones, hired the pirates in exchange for clemency for their crimes.
  • Late 1700s: the SPanish imported Filipino fishermen and army deserters to the western border with Tussenland.

19th century

  • 1800-1840: sugar and cotton plantations increased. Florida was starting to return a profit.
  • 1810: the Spanish undertook the last of the Muscogee or Creek wars to pacify the natives in the interior of the colony
  • 1813: the pacification of natives led to the 1813 Treaty of San Agustin in which the Spanish gave the Muscogee & Creek rights to part of their historic land in the interior of the colony in exchange for becoming citizens and adopting Catholicism.
  • 1819: Due to Florida's success, it turned Florida from a captaincy general to direct control of the crown.
  • 1842: Slavery is made illegal in Florida.
  • 1850-1855: 2nd Dutch-Spanish War: Florida expanded, they gain eastern florida.
  • 1855-1890: Florida instituted sharecropping in the new eastern territories.
  • 1872-1878: Communard Wars in Spain. Lots of spanish elites flee to Florida, leading to a surge of wealth.
  • 1883: Florida granted popular sovreignity as Royal Dominions (due to fears of losing one of the most profitable colonies left). Along with Cuba and Puerto Rico. This benefited the elite of Florida more, though.

20th century

  • Everglades War and Floridan Independence
  • 1923: Rebels committee known as El Comité de Campesino Pobre de Florida demaded reforms and a new constitution for Florida. Governor Fernando Macías rejected this. Spain sent troops to supress the rebellion.
  • 1924: Mexico and South Tussenland supported the rebels and the rebel ideoology shifted to republicanism.
  • 1925: New Netherland supported Spain (fearing a Mexican puppet forming in Florida).
  • 1927: Historic port of Santa Cruz fell to the rebels. On April 12, the Spanish withdrew from Florida.
  • 1927: Florida becomes independent.


  • 1840: Treaty of Santa Maria, all boer republics subjugated as autonomous provinces
  • 1846: Gold rush in southern Westerzee Republic. The south broke off as Goudlandt, a new boer republic.
  • 1850-1855: 2nd Dutch-Spanish War
  • 1881: Independence and formation of the Mexican Empire
  • 1903: Mexico defeated at the Dutch-Mexican War
  • late 1903: Emperor forced to accept a new constitution and a parliament, the autonomous status of the boers are once again secured and confirmed by the new constitution.
  • 1903-1906: Republican unrest starts to grow as the new constitution was inadequate
  • 1906: Juan Guillermo the wonder general is removed from the army, catalyzes the revolution.
  • 1909: Republicans seize Mexico city, old government flees to Monterrey This would be the official start of Republican Mexico but perhaps the brief two-government period would last until 1911.
  • 1911: Juan Guillermo elected as first president of Mexico

New England

  • ❌ No lore yet, except during the 2nd Anglo-Dutch War (1660) where they lose their claims west of the connecticut river. Other than that, it's blank.

New France

  • ✔️ Becomes kingdom after monarch of France flees to New France (detailed lore for monarch's flight to New France is still on the Google doc, needs to be migrated to the Wiki)
  • ❌ Figure out if they have a role in the Meerenland revolt arc. Would they have been involved?
  • ✔️ We have some revolution in the 1870s that reduces the king to simply a figurehead See Talk:New France.
  • ❌ Post revolution new France still blank. Figure out how they would fit in the cold war arc.

New Netherland

  • 1795-1796: Autumn War (against the British)
  • 1796: Independence
  • 1861: NNL gets the ACB Islands from the Dutch in exchange for help during the Tussenland Upheavals
  • 1850-1855: 2nd Dutch-Spanish War
  • 1870: Second Patroon Constitution
  • 1903: Republican Revolution, Mees van Haerst from the Unity Party becomes Raedspensionaris
  • 1906-1910: Quasi-War between NNL and the Dutch Republic.
  • (Needs more fleshing out) Involvement in the Florida Civil War.
  • (Needs more fleshing out) Involvement in the Cuba War and Role as one of the founding nations of the ANAN).


  • ✅ Lore is written down on the wikie, including:
    • Native Relocation, Spanish-Dutch War, Independence, Tribal Council Period, Opdamsland under John White Owl (Oukonunaka) and his rise to power (and failure of the ANAN to intervene), Military Junta.
  • (Needs more fleshing out) Lore about how the different tribes got there in the first place. So far we have got the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Shawnee, etc who were pushed out of their homeland by the Iroquois.
  • (Needs more fleshing out) Their entry and role in the ANAN..
  • (Needs more fleshing out, and write-up on wiki page) Return to democracy lore is still blank (when/how/why?).

Rupert's Land

  • ✅ Very early history.
  • ✔️ (Needs writeup on wiki page) Sells a huge land area west of the Nelson river to Tussenland in 1871. The rump Rupert's Land is a british dominion until modern day and is heavily reliant on their neighbors.
  • ✅ Modern-day government (needs review though if it fits)

South Tussenland

  • 1812-1813: Republic of Anahuac existed in west South Tussenland. Eventually annexed into South Tussenland in exchange for territory in the plains (Sabine swap).
  • 1817: Colonial charter given to Royal Tussenland Company
  • 1849: South Tussenland slave insurrection started
  • 1851: Anahuac Massacre: September 12, 1851, a group of fringe radical Zoekerists ambushed a caravan of Suyderlings who were trying to escape to Dutch controlled Tussenland in the north.
  • 1855: South Tussenland becomes independent.
  • 1856: Church of the Second Ascension (Zoekerist Church) officially founded
  • April 1, 1864: Tegbesoe, first Protector of S. Tuss, dies. Kodjo de Heylig elected as successor.
  • October 1867: Church of Holy Salvation, a breakaway church (salvationists) in October 1867.


  • 1850-1855: Dutch-Mexican War. In 1855, the Dutch lose North, South Mizoerie, & Opdamsland.
  • 1859-1861: Tussenland Upheavals.
  • 1861: Tussenland becomes a federation.
  • 1901-1903: Dutch-Mexican War. Dutch victory.
  • 1905: Independence declared by Tussenland.
  • 1905-1917: Wars on the Great Plains.
  • 1911: Crÿnssenlandt becomes a province.
  • 1912: Ruyterslandt becomes a province.


SW Timeline of North America

Pre-SW Context

  • 1931: NNL & Mexico start winding down their economic and political rivalry in the aftermath of the Floridian revolution.
  • 1935: NNL & Mexico have joint talks about the "European threats".
  • 1937: New England Independence supported by NNL, Mexico & Virginia
  • 1937: Tussenland pulls out of the Great War in fear of the North American alliance forming- American first parties win power
  • 1937: Mexico and NNL supports Cuban rebels

SW Part 1 (1935-1965)

  • 1940: Russia reorganizes Alyeska into a new Autonomous National Republic (protests ensure from Alyeskans who aren't happy with the more direct rule)
  • 1940: New France starts sliding into Anglo sphere.
  • 1941: The Westerzee National Movement starts agitating for a Boer-state in the pacific north-west.
  • 1942: The British start a process of heavy modernization of their Rupertsland & Greenlandic military bases and depots
  • 1943: AFS starts building strong ties with the RNR.
  • 1943: Mexico & NNL become more concerned with Russian and British encroachment on the continent and talks begin in Tussenlandt for closer ties.
  • 1944: Fears of insurgencies in South America and rumors of Russian agents in the ACB islands threatens NNL government.
  • 1945: Tensions continue to rise- (British spy discovered sabotaging Mexican Nuclear program?, or maybe something with the Canal?)
  • 1948: In a united effort, which includes the formation of a so called American security council Tussenland, Mexico, Virginia, NNL and NE meet to discuss a path forward for pushing European influence out of North America (maybe have success in swaying New France)
  • 1949: More formal talks start on the creation of a permanent structure of American cooperation are accelerated when a British bases in Rupertsland is discovered to be outfitted with (Nuclear armed?) long distance bombers (maybe they perform exercises over Tussenland airspace?)
  • 1950: American leaders meet in Tussenland to start the formal negotiations of what would eventually become the ANAN

SW Part 2 (1965-1985)

South America

Brazilian lore

  • Mid-1835: Bahian revolt starts, motivated by the illuminist ideals, self determination and anti-monarchism. The rebels have an initial success in defeating the local forces and take the province, the Bahia Republic is proclaimed in Salvador.
  • 1836: Portuguese reinforcements arrive in Brazil. The imperial forces take control of the coastline, and the rebels are forced to flee to the interior.
  • 1836-1843: Guerilla warfare in Bahia.
  • 1843: the province of Rio Grande de São Pedro, in southern Brazil, also started a rebellion, due to taxation, lack of representation of whites in Portugal. They ally with the Bahians. They are supported by Carolinos (Hispanic gauchos from Carolina).
  • 1845: Portugal recognized Bahian independence.
  • 1846: Portugal recognized Riograndense Republic's indepnedence
  • 1847: Portuguese abolish slavery
  • 1875-1879: Equadorian revolt, as a reaction to Portuguese outlawing slavery. Portuguese recognize independence in 1879. The equadorian government is shaky and unstable, leading to a Pernambucan slave revolt in 1877.
  • 1877-1882: Pernambucan revolt and independence war. Supported by some Zoekerists.
  • 1878: Brasil becomes an autonomous territory under the Kingdom of Portugal. Thus ending colonial rule.
  • 1884 to 1927: Bahia is controlled by a military junta. The military is supported by the rural aristocracy.
  • 1916: Pernambuco and Britian signs the Recife-London Partnership Deal.
  • 1917: Equador invades Colombia alongside Peru.
  • 1919: Equador leaves the conflict. Later on the year, the country signs the Treaty of Leonabelle.
  • 1920: Equadorian president renouces his term. Equadorian politic-economic downfall begins.
  • 1922: Brasil becomes an united kingdom with Portugal.
  • 1924-1927: Bahia faces a civil war. The military junta government falls. Bahian Democratic Party's (BDP) rule begin.
  • 1928-xxxx: Bahian politics are hevialy controled by the BDP interests.
  • 1935-1939: Brasil enters the Great War(1935-1939) on the Cordial Lague side.
  • 1944: Equador suffers a National Republican military coup.


A race of building settlements occured in the 1600s-1700s between Tuscany and France. France eventually gets axed by Tuscany indirectly, with the help of the aggressive natives who Tuscany had somehow managed to get on their side.


Becomes penal colony of Britain ittl.


lore basics to about 1850 are complete, with the British buy the Rio de la plata territory from the Spanish after the great Silesian war and early British settlement of the region complete. Post 1850 a war between argentine successionists is planned but lore is vague (missing a flag though).


Independence basics exists as does vague lore for a Colombian-Peruvian war (or 2). Existing lore needs to be reformatted for the wiki.


Independence lore is written in the form of discord messages abd needs to be edited and reformatted for the wiki. Involved in the race to the specific but lore is vague post independence.


Gains independence from viceroy of Perú when Perú gains independence but lore needs work.



  • 1814: End of the Augustine Wars. After the End of the War of the fourth coalition (1810-1814) In the Treaty of Vienna (1814) the Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed (with same borders as OTL Congress of Vienna),Turkey retains Crimea (and gains Malta) and gains some land from Austria, France is contained to its natural borders, Brandenburg is punished and their entire territory gets partitioned between the restored duchies of Hanover, Pomerania, and Saxony, An independent Confederation of minor German states is formed as a buffer between France and Austria, Russia forced to return territories gained from Poland. Austria, Russia, and the Ottomans become large powers after the war.
  • 1830's: Spring of Nations originating in Spain and spreads throughout central and southern Europe. Eventually spreads to Latin America resulting in the independence of Colombia, Paraguay, Bahia & the Riograndense Republic and failed revolutions in Mexico & Puerto Rico. After the revolution is put down, many revolutionaries are shipped to the Americas and the Spanish empire abolishes slavery.
  • 1840's: Reform of Spanish colonial administration- After the spring of nations and the successful independence of Colombia & Paraguay the Spanish crown decided that in order to maintain power in Latin America the colonies needed to be reformed. This led to a series of policy changes whereas each colonial viceroy was given the task of creating a council of stakeholders for the region that were to act as a pseudo-legislative body drafting policies to confirm to the specific needs of the colony. During this time, there was additionally a reordering of the colonial administration of viceroys and captaincy generals and a general redrawing of colonial borders. Additionally in order to win over the lower classes of the colonies, the crown created a program that reduced the tax burden on the lower classes in exchange for military service.
  • 1830's: Partial Partition of Poland; with Russia, Pomerania, Saxony and Austria gaining territory.
  • 1840: Beginning of the Great Game between Russia and Britain over influence in Central Asia
  • 1840's: In the aftermath of several rebellions in Portuguese Brasil, Portugal starts rebuilding a stronger relationship to native allies in Angola & the Kongo in an attempt to dominate south-central African trade.
  • 1850-1853: Spanish victory in the Dutch-Spanish War, led to the independence of South Tussenland and reinforced Spanish suzerainship of the Boer republics.
  • 1850-1857: Anglo- French victory in the Canton War, creates the Kingdom of Canton in Southern China; dramatically weakens the Qing and gives France and Britain a series of treaty ports in China.
  • 1864-1866: Swedish victory in the Scandinavian Wars which leads to the rise of Sweden as a regional power in the Baltic Sea. Sweden takes part of Sealand from Denmark to control the trade, Swedish-allied Hannover takes southern portion of Denmark and Norway becomes independent.
  • 1872-1874: Anglo-Pomeranian victory in the Saxony-Pomeranian War. Saxony, who is landlocked through history, wants Pomeranian coast. They are backed by Sweden, who believe that having more German naval powers meant that no single German power would dominate the Baltic. Sweden-Saxony has great success in the war initially, but in a turn of surprise Britain, who is scared of the growing Swedish naval power, assists Pomerania. Pomerania-British alliance wins, and Pomerania takes a little land from Saxony.
  • 1872-1878: Communard revolution in France ignites, and spreads to Spain. Spain is ruled by communards and results in the independence of the Mexican Empire and Peru. A separate Belgique communard revolution occurs and leads to unification with France (in 1874). The Communard attempts to spread to central Europe and the Italian states but is stopped by an alliance of European powers led by Austria and Britain. Eventually the radical Communard faction is kicked out of power by a moderate Communard faction that sought peaceful coexistence with the British and other European powers. This leads to a mending of relations between the British and France.
  • 1878: (Spain) After the communard government fell in Spain, a new constitution was adopted. Spain became a constitutional monarchy with the establishment of a new Cortes-Generales as the legislature and the appointment of a Prime Minister.
  • 1870s-1880s: Russia strengthens its colonial efforts on the Pacific, leading to a more settled Pacific, and Alaska. There is also a short arc of a Dutch king in Russia, which could help them have a more extensive naval outlook on the pacific.
  • 1880's: In the aftermath of the Portuguese Empire abolishing slavery, a restitution plan was put in effort to resettle many freed slaves to Portuguese African holdings.
  • 1877: Russia becomes suzerain of the Kingdom of Hawaii
  • 1884-1885: Russian victory in the Russo-Ottoman War (also known as the Balkan Wars). During the late 19th century Russia slowly strengthen it's economic and military power and after a series of revolts in the Balkans were put down harshly by Ottoman forces, Russia pledged support for independence movements in Serbia and Romania. This led to Russia retaking Crimea, Wallachia, Moldavia, Serbia gaining independence. Austria, who joined the war late, also annexes the upper left tip of the ottoman territory (but were promised more but didn't receive it from Russia).
  • 1884: Portuguese discover large diamond and gold deposits in Angola. Following this, a flood of investment and settlement to the region occurs.
  • 1885: Anglo-Turkish War: To connect their possessions in Arabia, Britain attacks the Ottomans in the midst of the Russo-Ottoman War and takes Egypt.
  • 1890: Start of the Ottoman reform period (whereas the Ottoman Empire modernized it's political, economic and military systems).
  • 1893: End of the Great Game between Russia and Britain in Central Asia, with the creation of Serindia, a buffer state between Russia and the British Raj.
  • 1895: Treaty of Amsterdam divides up Africa between colonial powers.


  • 1901-1903: Joint Dutch-NNL victory in the Mexican-Dutch Boer War. Led to the creation of Opdamslandt and Dutch gains in western North America.
  • 1903: Latial Famine Revolts
  • 1905: Kingdom of Egypt becomes independent from Britain, but the Suez canal is jointly controlled.
  • 1908: Venetian Invasion of Papal Adriatic, Declaration of the Roman Republic. The Pope attempted to flee but is killed by the mob.
  • Also 1908: The Tulip Uprising: A failed anti-colonialism uprising in the Netherlands caused by the stubborn refusal of the Dutch to stop the blockade on America and exhausting their resources.
  • 1911-1912: The Alps War (also known as the Austro-Venetian War). In 1911 Austria declares war on Venice, in order to protect its territories in southern Italy. In mid 1911 Calabria is taken, and a temporary puppet state is set up in Naples. In response to this Sicily joins Venice's side. In mid 1912 after being stuck for a year and an half in the Venetian Alps (and after losing a series of naval wars in the Adriatic) Austria signs for peace. In the peace treaty Venice gains all Austrian Territories in continental Italy and adds Sicily, the Roman Republic and Pontecorvo in its sphere of Influence.
  • 1920: Start of instability in the German Confederation. This was caused by popular unrest and support for a unified Rhineland.
  • 1922-1928: European economic crisis. Partially a result of a series of crop failures leading to cascading effects on European stock markets.
  • 1910: (Spain) Anti-colonialism and Republicanism started to take root within the circles Spanish intellectuals. This was inspired by the failed Tulip Uprising a decade ago in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Eventually, by the 1920s, the need for the Spanish Monarchy became a point of national debate.
  • 1926: German confederacy government was toppled. Establishment of the Republic on the Rhine (Rhenia).
  • 1925-1928: Nationalist-Republican victory in the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War. Famines and mass unemployment led to the Czar being deposed in 1925 and the formation of the 1st Russian Republic. In 1926 ideological differences led to a spilt in republican forces in 1926 and the start of a 2 year civil war between the Liberal and Nationalist Republican factions.
  • 1928: Independence of Finland from the Russian Empire, becomes and independent ally of the RNU.
  • 1927: (Spain) The defeat of the Spanish in the Floridan War of Independence tanked the legitimacy and prestige of the Spanish Monarchy. Increasing pressures from the monarchy to reform.
  • 1929: (Spain) Republican and anti-colonial reformers pressure their government to a Republic. Referendums were held in the colonies for or against independence.
    • Most colonies and protectorates elected for complete independence. A five-year transitional commonwealth period was allotted to them before fully becoming independent. In Asia, they were the Philippines, Viet Nam, Papua, Timor, and the muslim-majority Bangsamoro; In the Americas, there was Puerto Rico.
    • Several smaller territories elected to become semi-autonomous "dependent" territories of Spain. These were the colonies that deemed their status to be too weak to defend or sustain themselves (especially in India and the Maritime Southeast Asia where the British and Dutch had dominated). They were Pondicherry, Chandenagar, and the Spanish Guinea.
  • except for the few port cities of Pondicherry, Chandenagar, and Spanish African Guinea which elected to have a "dependent A five-year transitional commonwealth period is allotted for the colonies before fully becoming independent.
  • 1932: Start of the Russo-Korean War. Korea, seeing that Russian government is fresh and fragile, invades the Qing remnant. Korea hoped that the instability in Russia would lead them to take no action against this; unexpected to them the new government of Russia honors the treaty and declares war on Korea. Japan also joins Russia. This led to a war between Russo-Japanese Alliance vs a Korean-Dutch alliance.
  • 1933: With a distracted Russia, Austria invades and annexes Kingdom of Saxony. Britain does nothing. Russia also does nothing, obviously as they were busy in the east. In the same year, With a distracted Russia again, the Ottomans decide to declare war on Russia hoping to take more land.
  • 1934: Dutch drop out of the Russo-Korean War. The Russians were winning great successes in Korea. However, the European front doesn't look to good. Fortunately, some visionary Russian military tactician already saw that victory was inevitable, and so in the past year, he ordered a bulk of the army to be sent over to the European front, unbeknownst to the Ottomans.
  • 1935: Official start of the Great Eurasian War (otherwise known as the Great War) with Great Britain and France declaring war on Austria and the Ottoman empire after Austria invades Pomerania.
  • 1935: Russia defeats Korea, End of the Russo-Korean War. Additionally Russia joins the British-French alliance and starts moving troops to the west.
  • 1938: Triple Alliance victory in the Great War. Austria and the Ottoman Empire is divided up between Russian and British aligned successor states (with France trying to mediate between the two powers). Russia continues to occupy Constantinople and the straits zone.
  • 1940: Start of the Cold War between the Russian and Anglo Spheres.
  • 1980: End of the Cold War, collapse of the Russian Nationalist Regime and the start of the British recession.

Royals of the U.K

  • 1667-1692: Queen Henrietta
  • 1692-1712: William III of the Dutch Republic becomes monarch
  • 1712-????: William III dies heirless, Anne becomes Queen. She married someone different ITTL, spawning an entirely new line of succession different from OTL.
  • ????
  • 1750: There is a Charles (Because Rio de la Plata colony is named Carolina)
  • ????
  • 1830s: Imperolo's Charles?

East Asia


  • 1847: Unrest in Canton starts to brew.
  • 1850-1857: The Canton War (Anglo-French-Cantonese Coalition vs Dutch-Qing)
  • 1883: Sjakwang Coup in Corea; Joseon dynasty overthrown
  • 1886-1888: First Sino-Corean War; the Dutch abandon their Qing allies in favor of Corea.
  • 1888: Treaty of Peking; Russia and Corea agree to partition Manchuria between them. Corea establishes the puppet state Poeja Kingdom in Manchuria.
  • 1892: Great Game ends with the creation of Serindia as a buffer state.
  • 1889: Corean Empire proclaimed.


  • 1895-1910s: Multiple loosely related secret societies form throughout Canton, espousing republican ideals.
  • 1912: The secret societies form a united society/party called the National Reform Society (Kaikehui). They start to demand more democracy in Canton.
  • 1920: On the brink of rebellion, Canton ratifies a new constitution and the creation of the Tianchow Parliament. The Parliament was dominated by the National Reform Party.
  • 1927: The Parliament enacts the National Reform Movement, promoting the abandonment of old classical ideas in favor of western ideals. Cosmopolitanism in religion and language/culture is promoted, while antagonizing remnants of the classical past (notably the Qing). Some secret societies spill over to Great Qing, but not as entrenched as in Canton.
  • 1931: The National Reform Party dismantles the Cantonese monarchy. The RNU welcomes this development. Britain and France are alarmed but do not intervene as the event came as a result of a peaceful and democratic process. Country is renamed the Wah-hah Republic (華夏民國, Huaxia/ wah-hah man-kwok)
  • 1931: 2nd Sino-Corean War: A knee-jerk reaction by Corea, pre-emptively invading the Great Qing before it could fall under the hands of Huaxia. This violated the treaty they had with Russia. Kingdom of Haboek is established as a puppet state in Hebei, China.
  • 1932-1935: Russo-Corean War (NL+Corea vs Russia+Japan+Canton)

Middle East

  • 1818: Due to threats from the Ottomans and Persia, the Emirate of Al-Hasa accepted protectorateship status from Great Britain.
  • 1822: Other smaller emirates southeast of Al-Hasa were protectoratized (known as the Trucial States [region known as the Trucial Coast]).
  • 1834: Britain obtains a 99-year lease on Aden from the Sultanate of Lahej. Lahej was propped up by the British and consolidated power over the smaller Yemeni states west.
  • 1837: A Zaidi rebellion in the Yemeni Eyalet led by the Qasimi branch erupted, to "liberate Yemen from the Ottoman occupiers). The British clandestinely supported the rebellion. The rebellion was successful, and the new state aligned itself with Great Britain.
  • 1839: Emirate of Yemen becomes a protectorate of the British.
  • 1881-1882: British-Omani War: Britain demands the Omani state to curb the slavery in Zanzibar/Tanganyika, and gives an ultimatum (with unreasonable terms). Afro-Arab slave traders still remain at large in Tanganyuka/Zanzibar. With the Omani sultan failing to comply, the British and French (now allied since this is post-Communard Wars) use this as a pretext to invade. The Omani state had already prepared for the inevitable war, but was ultimately defeated by the British-French coalition. The Sultanate of Oman is dismantled and replaced with a colonial government. Tanganyika is then divided into two, north (around Mombasa) goes to France and is integrated into the French East Africa (a parallel to the OTL French West Africa). South (around Dar es salaam) goes to Britain, and is established as a separate colony called British East Africa.
  • 1882: The Sultan of Oman and the Royal Family flees to the Ottoman Empire, and continue their anti-British propaganda there.
  • 1885: In parallel to the Russo-Ottoman War (1884-1885), the British also attack the Ottoman Empire to take Egypt, to serve as a waypoint to their South arabian protectorates and possessions.

South East Asia (Indonesia and Indochina)


  • 1760: Failed Burmese incursion towards Ayutthaya (Siamese-Burmese War)


  • 1820: The Sultanate of Johor allies with the Dutch East India Company and soon becomes a protectorate.
  • 1849: Burmese-Lannathai War. Burma invades and annexes the Lannathai Kingdom, and becomes part of the Burmese Empire.
  • 1853: Fearing the expansion of Burma, Ramathibodi IV of Ayutthaya/Siam signs the Treaty of Alliance and Trade with Great Britain. In exchange, Great Britain is granted a 99-year lease on the Ayutthayan/Siamese port of Petbury (Phetchaburi, to be returned in 1952).
  • 1854: Anglo-Burmese War and collapse of the Burmese Empire: Cross-border raids by the Burmese in the British territory of Aracan vexed Britain. Britain used this as a pretext for the war, and invaded Burma. After the war, the entirety of Burma was annexed by Britain. Burma was split up into three new provinces under the British Raj: Burmah, Pegu, and Lan Na. This is would be furthest extent of British control on the Malay Peninsula in the 19th century.
  • 1860: Port of Santa Maria in Tonquin is leased by the Nguyen dynasty to Spain.
  • 1869: France invades and protectorizes the Kingdom of Kampuchea (Cambodge).
  • 1870: Siamese annexation of Lan Xang
  • 1873: British-Acehnese War. In the midst of the Communard forces rising to power in France, Britain invades and secures Aceh to prevent it from falling to French Influence.
  • 1880: Fearing British expansion, the Vietnamese kingdom seeks protection from the Spanish. Tonquin and Annam become protectorates of Spain.
  • 1884: Nguyễn Phúc Mạnh, ruler of Tonquin converts to Catholicism, and was baptized as Don Carlos. During the reign of Phúc Mạnh, the Spanish built churches and conducted missionary activity, leading to the sizeable Catholic minority in the northern parts of Vietnam in the modern day.

The Philippines

Spanish Era


  • 1700 - The Sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao fight for dominance and control of trade in the region.
  • 1719 - The Zamboanga Garrison is reoccupied, A Friar-led mob executes the reformist Governor-General Francisco Bustamante
  • 1737 - Peace Treaty signed between Spain and Sulu
  • 1739 - The first viable road system from Manila to Northern Luzon opens
  • 1743 - British attacks on the Galleon Trade between Acapulco and Manila increased.
  • 1744 - Francisco Dagohoy’s rebellion starts in Bohol when his brother is refused to be given a Christian Burial by the Catholic Church. The Revolt would only be quelled in 1829.
  • 1745 - The Agrarian Revolt starts in Cavite and Batangas over control and access to Hacienda Lands.
  • 1747 - 1756 - The Spanish Bombardment of Jolo in 1752 led to Sulu’s defeat and the imprisonment of the Sultan. In his absence, Datu Bantilan launches a coup and crowns himself as Sultan Muizzudin. While the Sultan is nominally anti-spanish, the weakened state of the Sultanate forced him to sign an uneasy peace with Spain.
  • 1750 - The Great Silesian War starts. Some Filipino sharpshooters were used by Spain in North America during the Prince Maurice War.
  • 1754 - King Ferdinand VI Decrees the compulsory teaching of Spanish in all schools to Boys and Girls.
  • 1768 - The Jesuits are expelled, The Archbishop of Manila supports the secularization of parishes (transfer from religious orders to diocesan control) and the ordination of indio priests. The Ordinances of Good Government are issued by Madrid.
  • 1771 - Governor-General Simon de Anda encounters resistance from the religious orders and uses troops to enforce secularization
  • 1774 - King Charles III reaffirms secularization policy by a royal decree ordering the secularization of parishes as they fall vacant
  • 1777 - A Royal decree orders indios to participate in the production of cotton and other fibers
  • 1781 - Governor-General Basco y Vargas implements the tobacco monopoly, limiting productions to areas designated by the government.
  • 1785 - The Royal Company of the Philippines is established to promote economic development.


  • 1803 - A Royal decree orders the secularization of more parishes
  • 1805 - The Governor of Zamboanga signs a peace treaty with the Sultan of Sulu, giving the governor the right to vet foreign residents in the archipelago.
  • 1807 - Spanish Deserters revolt in Ilocos to protest the government’s wine monopoly and prohibition of the production of Basi (Rice wine)
  • 1811 - Del Superior Gobierno, the colony’s first newspaper, begins publication. The Philippines sends a delegate to the Cortes. During the Agustine Wars, the Captaincy sent their colonial army to seize Western Papua from the Dutch-aligned sultanate of Tidore. They would slowly expand their holdings in northern Papua, building on the centuries-old Tidorese imperial administration.
  • 1815 - The Galleon Trade ends as the Spanish crown allows the use of registered ships or navíos de registro in the Pacific that traveled solo outside of the convoy system of the galleons.
  • 1826 - A Monarchist counteroffensive ends further secularization of the parishes
  • 1827 - A Spanish attack on Jolo is repulsed
  • 1829 - Spanish raiding parties establish a presence in the Gran Cordilleras
  • 1830s - In Response to the "Spring of Nations", The Philippine Colonial Administration is reformed as the natives are given more representation in the Cortez.
  • 1834 - A royal decree declared Manila and other Port Cities open to international trade.
  • 1835 - The Philippines sends four delegates as representation in the Cortes. Economic Monopolies on Tobacco, Sugar, and other produce are abolished
  • 1836 - Spain signs a commercial treaty with the Sultan of Sulu
  • 1837 - Tariff Regulations are lessened in the islands.
  • 1840 - 1841 - Hermano De la Cruz began his infamous religious revolt against Spain in response to the abuse of Filipino priests by the Catholic Church and in response created his own religious order called “Confradia de San José”. Because of this, the Spanish government sent in troops to forcibly break up the order, forcing De la Cruz and his followers to rise in armed revolt in self-defense. Many bloody battles were fought with the order's last stand in Mount San Cristobal, near Mount Banahaw, in October 1841. The Spaniards eventually won, and Hermano de la Cruz was executed on November 4, 1841.
  • 1848 - 1851 - The Spanish attack Balangigi in the Sulu Archipelago to free 300 captives. The Sulu Sultanate signs an agreement recognizing Spanish Authority
  • 1850 - The Second Spanish-Dutch War starts, Governor-General Narciso Claveria decrees that Indios be given Spanish Surnames, The first steam warship arrives in Manila.
  • 1853 - The British Company Smith, Bell and Company is established in Manila and becomes a major trader of sugar and hemp. A Dutch Naval attack is repulsed once more outside of Manila.
  • 1855 - The Second Spanish-Dutch War ends, Spain gains the Dutch Moluccas, centered on the island of Halmahera. The Ternateños, the creole ruling class of the Spanish Moluccas two centuries prior, returned to Halmahera. They became the primary colonial admins of the newly established, semi-autonomous Captaincy of the Moluccas, with its capital and largest city being Ternate.
  • 1856 - A British Consul arrives in Iloilo and Negros, with his 13-year residence helping transform the islands into a major sugar plantation
  • 1859 - The Jesuits return to the Philippines and accept missions to the Muslim areas.
  • 1861 - Separation of Executive and Judicial Functions is mandated at the alcalde mayor and governor-general levels
  • 1863 - The Educational Decree mandates the establishment of a Public school system
  • 1864 - Father Jose Burgos publishes a “Manifesto addressed by the loyal Filipinos to the Noble Spanish nation” criticizing the Spanish discrimination of Secular Priests
  • 1865 - The Jesuits establish the Escuela Normal (Normal School) and the Secondary School called Ateneo Municipal De Manila
  • 1868 - The Guardia Civil is established to suppress crime and insurgencies
  • 1872 - The Philippines is re-established as its own Viceroyalty as Spain’s dependencies in Southeast Asia becomes too many to efficiently govern through New Spain. José Malcampo y Monje, the 3rd Marquess of San Rafael, becomes its first Viceroy.
  • 1873 - More Philippine ports are opened to world trade
  • 1876 - Combined Spanish and Indio forces overrun Jolo
  • 1877 - The 1877 Agreement was signed, with France, England, and the Netherlands recognizing Spain and the Philippines, Sovereignty over the Sulu Archipelago and North Borneo.

Revolutionary Period

  • 1877 - 1878 - The Spanish Communard Revolution began when French and Spanish radicals overthrew the Monarchy, only to be defeated a year later with the support of the British. The aftermath of the Communard Revolutions in Spain is directly linked to the Independence of Mexico in 1881, the independence of Peru, and the eventually the outbreak of the Philippine Insurrection.
  • 1878 - Sultan Jamal ul-Azam of Sulu signs a treaty of peace and capitulation with the Philippines, the last treaty signed between the two.
  • 1883 - Spanish Forces invade Sulu and set up a naval station and garrison. Sultan Bada ud-Din II sends a letter of protest to the French, calling the invasion a violation of the 1877 agreement
  • 1887 - Crisostomo Ibarra published No me toques. A three-man committee reports to the archbishop of Manila that the novel be banned due to being “Heretical and offensive to the Government of Spain”, especially after the breakaway and Independence of Mexico a few years prior.
  • 1888 - France, The Netherlands, and Spain sign a new protocol reiterating recognition of Spanish and Philippine Sovereignty over Sulu and North Borneo. Filipino expatriates in Spain establishes La Liga Filipinas and issue their first fortnightly newspaper the following year
  • 1890 - Inspired by the Mexican revolt and the Communard Revolution in Spain, A Filipino nationalist named Mayo Pag-Asa establishes the pro-independence Kataastaasan Katipunan ng mga anak ng Katagalugan (Supreme Society of the Children of the Tagalog Nation), simply known as the Katipunan.
  • 1891 - Ibarra published El Filibusterismo. His family is removed from the Friar estates they lease. The Sultanate of Maguindanao fractures and collapses into several factions vying for the vacant throne. Spain takes advantage of the situation and launches an expedition to pacify the Cotabato and Lanao areas. The Katipunan leadership would manage to contact the Corean and Mexican Governments and secure funding and support, allowing the Katipunan’s network to expand not only in the Philippines but also Maluku and even Nueva Guinea. Talks between the Katipunan and several Vietnamese nationalist organizations regarding cooperation would begin.
  • 1892 - A railroad line is established that connects Manila to Pangasinan. Ibarra returns to Manila, establishes La Solidaridad, and is exiled to Northern Mindanao.
  • 1894 - Municipal Government is reorganized, separating executive and judicial functions.
  • 1896 - the Katipunan plot was discovered by the authorities and Pag-Asa’s revolt began a few days after, attacking the town of San Juan Del Monte and seizing it from Spanish Forces. Ibarra and his Family flees to Cuba to escape prosecution.
  • 1897 - Balderama Jacinto replaced Pag-Asa when the latter was captured and executed by Spanish Forces. Katipunan forces in Maluku and Nueva Guinea are defeated by the year’s end.
  • 1898 - Vietnamese buddhists revolt in Annam. Jacinto and his leadership go into voluntary exile to Kwongchou after the signing of the Treaty of Malolos with allowances from the Spanish Government under the agreement that Spain would introduce the reforms the revolutionaries listed, but when Spain failed to implement the reforms, the remaining katipunan factions in Pangasinan, Ilocos, Morong, Negros, Panay, Bicol and Cebu continue fighting on. At the same time, Moro insurgents in Cotabato rebel against the Spanish authorities. Jacinto would use the money given by Spain to buy more arms for the revolutionaries.
  • 1899 - The Katipunan Rebels in Pangasinan are defeated, but an Anarchist organization called “Guardia de Honor” continues to terrorize the countryside. The Federal State of the Visayas was established in Iloilo by Bisayan Revolutionaries who split from their Tagalog Counterparts due to disagreements regarding policies and governance, but the revolutionary state disbands after a major defeat in the Battle of Iloilo City and most of its leadership either captured or killed, with the Cantonal Republic of Negros being immediately established as a successor state.
  • 1900 - The Negros Republic is defeated and disbanded after a disastrous defeat at Dumageuete. The remaining Katipunan rebels in the Mountains of Morong would establish the “Tagalog Republic'' with Vicente Sakay as its first president. The Republic would only be put down in 1916.

Post-Insurrection Years

  • 1902 - The Spanish Viceroyalty passes the Las Filipinas Bill of 1902, which added several liberal reforms in an attempt to prevent another large scale revolt. The Sultanate of Sulu declares independence once more and attacks Spanish Garrisons in both Jolo and Basilan, while a resurgent Maguindanao Sultanate under Datu Mamaku of Buayan launches several offensives in the Kutabato region in an attempt to regain their lost territories. With Spanish forces still spread out stomping out the remaining katipuneros, the Chavacano creole of Zamboanga declares independence from Spain. The revolt lasted only for a week, with its first president, Macario Alvarez, being betrayed by his commanders for his Vice President, Datu Batayan, who then was killed in the siege of Zamboanga when Spanish forces returned to reclaim the city.
  • 1903 - A Spanish Naval counterattack on Jolo and the subsequent victory of Spanish forces in Isabela de Basilan forces the Sulu Sultan to the negotiation table. Spain implements a harsh treaty on the Sultanate by effectively reducing the Sultan’s authority to a mere figurehead. The Sultanate of Sulu finally ceases to exist as a sovereign state as the Viceroyalty establishes the Governorate of Sulu.
  • 1905 - Maguindanaon forces are defeated by the Southern Expeditionary Force in the Siege of Dansalan. In a few months, Kutabato will be besieged and captured by the Spanish while Datu Mamaku flees to Zamboanga Sibugay. He would later be captured in 1907 and hanged, ending the Sultanate of Maguindanao.
  • 1907 - The Spanish Cortes General declares the “Philippine Insurrection” over. Ibarra leaves Cuba to join the Exiled Katipuneros in Kwongchou.
  • 1910 - The Viceroyalty establishes the “Moro Province”, which merged Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga under the rule of the Spanish Army.
  • 1912 - The first national convention of provincial governors are held in Manila, this would later be followed by the elections for the delegates of the First Philippine Assembly.
  • 1913 - the Spanish-run Viceroyalty and the Filipino-held Philippine Assembly clash over appointments.
  • 1916 - Filipino and Spanish forces arrest Vicente Sakay and the remaining members of the Tagalog Republic. All of them are sentenced to death by firing squad for sedition, treason, and banditry.
  • 1919 - The First “Philippine Independence” Mission is sent to Spain to negotiate with the Spanish Government on the terms of independence. This mission is led by Manuel Osmena and Sergio Quezon.
  • 1920 - Crisostomo Ibarra establishes a Pan-Malay Organization called the “East Indies Organization''. This Organization would eventually spread out and inspire almost every Pro-Independence party and groups all over the Malay Archipelago. This creates tension between Ibarra and Jacinto, who only wanted independence for the Philippine islands only and believes that only “Hispanic Asia” is ripe for independence. The rift between the two would eventually cause Ibarra to be expelled from the Katipunan, which is now renamed to Partido Nacional Filipinas.
  • 1921 - The Independence talks went nowhere and the Mission returned to Manila empty handed. General Don Salvi-Damaso, the former Governor of the Moro Province, becomes the Viceroy, vowing to roll back what he calls the “Indio-nization” of the Viceroyalty.
  • 1923 - Conflict between Filipino leaders and Salvi-Damaso reaches a high point. The Philippine Assembly issues a resolution calling for Salvi-Damaso’s resignation and another mission is sent to Spain. The Cortes-General agreed with the demands and Damaso was sacked and replaced by Don Tiburcio de Espadaña, a more liberal viceroy and the former governor-general of Spanish New Guinea. Around the same time, the Floridian War of Independence starts, resulting in Filipino Soldiers being sent abroad to fight the rebels.
  • 1924 - The Anarchist Organization called “Pag-Asa” began a series of attacks on the Constabulary and the Spanish Army. The Philippine Assembly forms a Supreme National Council to coordinate a “Campaign of Independence” and invites Jacinto’s Partido Nacionalista back to the Philippines. This sparked tensions with the Spanish Viceroyalty and resulted in Espadaña being forced by the Spanish Monarchy to abolish the Council. Nonetheless, Jacinto returns to Manila secretly.
  • 1927 - Spain’s defeat in the “Everglades War” tanked the legitimacy and prestige of the Spanish Monarchy, this was taken advantage by both the assembly and the nacionalistas who began to aggressively push for independence. Ibarra relocated to Batavia in the Dutch East Indies to establish the official headquarters of the East Indies Organization. Espadaña dies while having surgery. Rafael Guevara replaced him a year later.
  • 1928 - Disagreements in the Nacionalistas lead to a split, with Manuel Osmena and Sergio Quezon establishing the Partido Demokratiko - Pederal as the main opposition to Jacinto’s more unitary and authoritarian party. In Mindanao, several Moro Nationalists headed by the “Sultan” of Sulu Jamalul Kiram II formed the underground Moro National Independence League.
  • 1929 - The Spanish Monarchy is forced into abdication by Spanish Republicans and Anti-Colonial Reformers, leading to the creation of the Spanish Republic. Spain then announces that referendums would be held across its empires to decide whether the colonies would want independence or not. Naturally, the Philippines voted for independence in an overwhelming majority. The two dominant parties of the Nacionalistas and the Democrat-Federalists clash on who gets to lead the newly independent Philippines. Crisostomo Ibarra died of old age in Bandung, but not before finishing and publishing his final book, “The Prospects of a Greater Malayan State”.
  • 1930 - Following the referendum, the newly-established Spanish Parliament approves of Philippine Independence after a five-year transition. Filipinos elect representatives to a convention to draft a constitution, with the Democrat-Federalists gaining majority.
  • 1931 - The Constitution is approved by the Spanish Government and the Filipino People in a Plebiscite. Osmena is elected President with Quezon as the Vice President. The Philippines was to be divided into six new Federal States, which are Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, Moroland, Borneo Del Norte, and Maluku Del Norte. A majority-"Indigenous" autonomous state called "Igorotes" was created to cover the Native Tribes of the vastlu uncontrolled Cordillera Mountains. The Philippines also gains New Guinea as their own mandate.
  • 1933 - Indigenous Tribes all over the Luzon lowlands are forced by the Federal Government to relocate to the “Igorotes”. Violence would ensue as several indigenous Dumagats, Agtas, Remontados, and other Negrito tribes began taking arms to defend their ancestral domains from the Federal Government, marking the start of the Igorot Wars.


Great War Era

  • 1935 - The Philippines officially gained independence from Spain. In order to address the issues of inefficient governance in several territories, President Osmena announces the Integrated Reorganization Plan which seeks to redraw the administrative borders of the Philippines. Several proposals would be drawn by several lawmakers, with Esteban Garcia’s proposal being chosen by the Philippine Congress to be enacted in 1938, calling 21 Federal States as well as two or more "Indigenous Autonomous Regions" for the Native Tribes in the Lowlands and Highlands. When the Russo-Turkish War escalated into the Great War, the Philippine Government officially declared neutrality in the war, though the Philippines would quietly continue to trade with the British and the Portuguese.
  • 1936 - A Group of Ni-Van Nationalists launched an attempted coup in the State of Islas Del Espiritu Santu in order to declare an independent indigenous state from the majority catholic Philippines. The Coup failed when the group took over the City hall of Puerto Prinsipe only to be trapped inside by the Philippine Constabulary and the Army. All Ni-Van Nationalists were shot dead. The 1936 Elections take place, with President Osmena being elected once more for his second term along with Quezon.
  • 1938 - The first phase of the reorganization begins in April 12, leading to the creations of the Federal States of the Ilocos, Pangasinan, La Montanosa, Central Tagalog, Southern Tagalog, Bicoland, and Paragua in Luzon, while the States of the Visayas and Filipinas Oriental in the Visayas on June 2. Along with the reorganization comes new discriminatory ethnic laws against what the catholic majority describes as "savage indios", leading to further galvanization of the Tribal Ethnic Groups, who are now united under the Communard-inspired Alianza de Liberación Indígena (ALI). A few weeks before the end of the Great War, the Philippines would declare war on France over a disputed territory between French Borneo and the State of Borneo Del Norte. With British support, the Philippines would gain the Api-Api district from French Borneo, though there were several attempts from the radical faction of Ibarraists to convince the Federal Government to take all of French Borneo as the First Step in recognizing Ibarra’s Pan-Malay ambitions, all of which were declined.
  • 1939 -  Second phase of the reorganization was set in motion, leading to the creation of the States of Zamboanga, Misamis, Agusan, Surigao, Davao, Cotabato, and finally Bukidnon, which is another Indigenous-majority region made specifically for the Lumad tribes in Mindanao. In light of the dissolution of Moroland, the Moro National Independence League began carrying out a propaganda campaign against the Federal Government accusing them of purposefully removing the Moro’s autonomy to further “de-islamify” Mindanao. In response, President Osmena insists that the majority Muslim-state of Cotabato and Koronadal would still enforce the autonomy of the Moro Peoples, and soon establishes the Department of Moroland and Sulu in order to help further enforce their autonomy.

Silent War Era

  • 1942 - President Osmena signs the Military Modernization and Industry act, allowing the Philippine Military to begin buying military equipment from Britain, the Netherlands, and Mexico, as well buying licenses from the British and Dutch to begin manufacturing their own localized weapons. The Tribal Insurgency in the Cordilleras worsens when Igorotes is officially reorganized into the Federal State of La Montanosa. In the 1942 Elections, Manuel Osmena was defeated by Esteban Garcia y Ricarte of the "Makapili" (Makabayang Katipunan ng mga Pilipino) faction of the Nationalist Party, who promised a stronger Federal Government, a stronger economy as well as a powerful military to finally end an end the Igorot War. His election to the presidency proved to be controversial due to his violent acts against non-cooperative citizens during his time as a Rebel Officer during the rebellion against Spain, as well as his extreme views advocating for a fully Catholic and "Latinized" Southeast Asia under the leadership of Manila. Just a few months into his administration, on December 5, A two-week Civil Rights protest held by the Ibaloi and Ifugao locals ended in bloodshed after they were fired upon by the Constabulary, who justified by saying that the protest was infiltrated by the ALI who fired the first shot. This event will be known as the Baguio Massacre, and would mark the beginning of the Makapili's brutal regime.
  • 1943 - Balderama Jacinto died from Cholera on February 6 at the age of 74. Ricarte orders that a State Funeral be held in Jacinto’s honor, with the Congress designating February 6 as Jacinto Day, now known as Founders’ Day as a general celebration of the “Founding Fathers” of the modern Filipino State. Arsenal Del Gobierno is established by the government as the first local arms manufacturer of the Philippines, producing weapons such as Firearms and Ammunition for the Federal Army. In Mindanao, the Sulu Sultan dies with no heir, effectively bringing an end to the Kiram Dynasty of Sulu.
  • 1944/45 - The growing authoritarian nature of Ricarte’s administration leads to the creation of radical left-wing political parties, the most notable of which being the Partido Colectivista ng Filipinas, a communard-inspired movement led by Hermenegildo Cuyugan, who is a prominent leader of a Worker’s Union in Ilocos. On the other hand, the war with the ALI makes a turn for the worse for the Army when a coordinated offensive within the state of La Montanosa leads to several towns being captured by the rebels, most prominent being the town of Lagayan near the border of Ilocos. The rebels then proclaimed the establishment of their independent indigenous state, the Kalinga Free State, which would last stay relatively independent from the Federal Government until 1954.
  • 1946 - The Arsenal Del Gobierno produces its first local firearm, the ADG Modelo 1 Karbine, a reproduction of the British Lee-Enfield Jungle Carbine. When the Kampuchea fell into a civil war, The Philippine Government expressed support and aid for the Kampuchean Monarchy to show their desire to become a member of the Organization of Democratic Nations. Dutch and Mexican Armored vehicles finally arrived in Manila as part of the modernization of the country’s armored forces.
  • 1947 - When Viet-nam launched an intervention in Kampuchea, the Philippine Government once again expressed their support. Ricarte signed the Naval Modernization Act, an amendment to the Military Modernization and Industry act which adds a budget and incentive for the Federal Navy to modernize and acquire new assets. In the same year, Tamaraw Motors was founded by Rogelio Mendoza - De Guzman, later known as the Father of the Philippine Motor Industry as he would pioneer the production of local vehicles such as Cars and Trucks, and eventually would expand also to the arms industry as the producer of engines for and even armored vehicles. Up north, the ALI launches an offensive deep into Northern Cagayan, almost capturing the capital of Tuguegarao. Fortunately, the Army, the constabulary, and local militias managed to hold the town against the rebels. This battle also marked the first use of the Modelo 1 Karbine in combat. In New Guinea, a plot to overthrow Filipino rule by a group of Papuan Nationalists is uncovered and stopped, ending with the execution of almost 20 Papuans in Soron.
  • 1948 - Britain forms the Pacific Rim Security Treaty, a collective alliance of British-aligned Asia-Pacific countries with the Philippines agreeing to host the Alliance’s headquarters in Manila. The Philippines began to export the Modelo 1 to neighboring countries such as Viet-Nam and the Kampuchean Monarchists. President Ricarte signed the Land Reform Act of 1948, which provided large re-organizations and the nationalization of the Agricultural Sector through the Department of Agriculture. This caused tensions with the Radical Left as the Reform also meant that farmers effectively lost ownership of their own land as it was carved up and then controlled by powerful national companies. In Mindanao, the reform was even more detrimental to the Moros as it forcibly took muslim lands and hand it over to catholic settlers in Mindanao. Angered by the new reforms, Farmers all over the country began to protest against the government, with several leftist organizations providing support for them. With the output of rice and other important crops shattered by the boycott, the government ordered the army and the constabulary to begin a crackdown against the farmers, culminating in the “Battle” of Cabanatuan wherein Government forces fired against a crowd of protesters, with the farmers forming their own militias to fight back against them, resulting to hundreds of casualties after the Army regain control of the town. In response, President Ricarte and eventually the Congress outlawed hundreds of unions and leftist organizations, with thousands of its members being arrested and tried with charges ranging from economic damages to even treason. Notable leftist figures such as Cuyugan would flee into the wilderness of Central Luzon and other islands, eventually founding several communard guerrilla groups such as Cuyugan’s Hukbong Bayan in Northern Luzon and the Makabayan Liberacion of Western Visayas.
  • 1950 - The University of Santo Tomas pioneers the Television Broadcasts. Twenty-three high ranking officials of the Hukbong Syndikalista and other anarchist guerilla groups in the Southern Tagalog State are captured or killed in a series of raids by the Constabulary, led by PC Captain Rodolfo L. Salonga. The Walled City of Intramuros is turned into a Federal District of the Philippine Government once more, with the Office of the President being moved to the Palacio del Gobernador from the nearby Malacanang Palace. Immediately after, a bomb was detonated in the nearby Fort Santiago, now an office of the Intramuros Constabulary, which resulted to the deaths of ten officers and injured 5 more. President Ricarte would blame the several communard groups and would declare that the privilege of writ of habeas corpus would be suspended in regards to any suspected communards.

Central and South Asia

  • Because Britain has less properties elsewhere, they are deeply cemented into India/South Asia.
  • A "Great Game" arc between Russia and Britain occurs after the fall of the Qing. Britain push northward and take Tibet as a protectorate, while Russia could puppet Mongolia.
  • In 1890, and agreement is reached to create an independent buffer nation called 'Serindia' in between Russia and Britain. It is mostly of Uyghur culture.

Oceania and the Pacific Isles

  • Spanish colony of Nueva Guinea: The name was coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez in 1545 during a stop in which he claimed the island for Spain. During the Augustine wars the Spanish empire avoided the wars that wrecked Europe and wanted to expand their colonially holdings in Asia. In 1811 they seized west Papua from the VOC aligned Sultanate of Tidore during the occupation of the Netherlands by French forces. Between 1811 and 1860 they slowly expanded their holdings on the North side of the island of New Guinea. The Spanish didn't really attempt to establish control on the interior of the island but instead used a series of coastal forts and ports to trade luxury goods with friendly natives tribes. Additionally starting in the 1830's the Jesuit Order was given a mandate to the Christianize the island's inhabitants by the Spanish crown; the Jesuits built a number of missions, churches and catholic schools in the interior of the island. The in the late 1880's after the Communard wars and fearing British encroachment on their colony the Spanish started to intensify colonization and control of the island and build settlements on the southern coast of the island.
  • Las Islas del Espíritu Santo (OTL Vanuatu): Discovered and claimed by the Spainish in OTL, came back in the 19th century during their 'turn towards Asia'. Spanish set up cash crop plantations and brought in laborers from their other Asian colonies.
  • New Sardinia: Similar history to OTL, French come by pre communard wars for sandlewood and other trade but ittl no penal colony on the island which means the Kanak people are the dominate population.
  • Fiji Protectorate (French): Pre Communard wars French stopped by and traded and eventually allied with the natives and entered into a protectorate relationship. A lot of trade between French Australia and Fiji, early on French sailors and settlers visited often to obtain wives


  • 1775 – Captain Zachary Hicks under orders from the British crown lands in Western Australia and claims western portion of Australia for the British (this claim goes unrecognized internationally).
  • 1810 – The General-Director of revolutionary France Augustine Spiga sends out the famous Freycient expedition to determine the suitability of Australia for French colonization and settlement. The expedition lands on the south-eastern coast of Australia and maps parts of the region.
  • 1812 – Founding of the failed bay colony in eastern Australia by the French, after 6 months food supplies were exhausted and the a series of interpersonal rivalries led to bloodshed and finally colonial abandonment.
  • 1817 – Formation of French penal colony around modern day Augustine.
  • 1818 – Establishment of Puerto de Oro as Spanish base on the north coast of New Guinea.
  • 1821 – The new French government decided to settle veterans of revolutionary war in Australia after riots in Paris by former soldiers angry at the government and general unrest by former revolutionary soldiers.
  • 1823 – First failed attempt at colonizing the Mijnclara island by the French, the colony was abandoned after most of the colonists decided to leave to Rochefort and Augustine and pursue work in the whaling industry.
  • 1824 – Formation of Fort Hicks in current Port Williams along the Black-swan in what is modern day Parmelia.
  • 1828 – Formation of Terre-Australe as a proper colony.
  • 1832 – Establishment of Los Aves by Spain on the south coast of New Guinea
  • 1834 – Formation of Noordstadt by the Netherlands
  • 1835 - 36 – Unification of Fiji under French influence
  • 1838 – Formation of Parmelia as a colony
  • 1839 – Formation of Rochefort as a Flemish settlement
  • 1840 – Establishment of San Francisco by Spanish
  • 1842 – End of the Musket Wars and the creation of the United Tribes of Aotearoa
  • 1843 – Establishment of the Diemensland free-port of Wimberly by independent Irish whalers.
  • 1844 – The coup of the United Tribes government by the Ngāpuhi (supported by the French) and the beginning of the Kingdom of Aotearoa.
  • 1846 – Signing of the French-Aotearoa treaty which led to an military alliance between the newly formed kingdom and the French, additionally the KoA ceded the southern partially French colonized island of New Zealand to the French. After the coup of the United Tribes, many Maori dissidents and rivals of the Ngāpuhi fled to the southern French controlled island.
  • 1848 – Annexation of port Wimberly and the formation of Diemensland as a British colony.
  • 1849 - 1865 – Eastern Georgian Gold Rushes: Migration of many British, Chinese and Indian migrants and settlers around Tongala Basin and in particular the region of New Devon (otl victoria, might need a new name ?).
  • 1852 - Establishment of Fiji as a French protectorate.
  • 1859 – The first interior New Guinean expedition by the Spanish.
  • 1860 – Annexation of Espiritu Santo by Spanish
  • 1862 – French guarantee of defense in Aotearoa which turned the Kingdom into a de facto French client state.
  • 1863 – Formation of new Georgian colonies of Tongala and New Devon in the Tongala basin.
  • 1867 – creation of the dependency of New Guinea under the Viceroy of the Philippines.
  • 1869 – Formation of British Solomon Islands colonies.
  • 1870 - 1887 – Western Georgia gold rush, led to immigration from Europe, the British Isles, China, Corea and other British commonwealth nations to Parmelia.
  • 1875 - 1877 – First Australian Independence War, the rebellion forces the French colonial forces out of the country and briefly establishes an independent republic until in 1877 when a joint Anglo-French invasion re-established French rule. This led to the creation of the 'Free Australia' civil and guerilla movement and the 1877 Treaty of Melrose which delineates the Georgian-Australian borders and ends the tension over the Tongala basin.
  • 1881 – Second New Guinean Expedition
  • 1887 - 1890 - Chinese Migration Era: Growth of Chinese population in Georgia
  • 1893 – Establishment of Dependency of New Batavia as an authority subjected to the Hague
  • 1912-1918 Balkan Migrations
  • 1917 – Second Australian Independence revolt, which is brutally put down, inflames the political movement towards independence and leads to the French government importing French settlers to the colony
  • 1918 – Establishment of Dominion of Georgia with the colonies in Australia except Parmelia.
  • 1919 - Formation of Nieuw-Philadelphie by local Greeks, the most populated city of New Batavia
  • 1932-35 – Georgian involvement in the great war as part of the greater British Commonwealth war effort.
  • 1939 - Union of the crown colony of Parmelia with the Dominion of Georgia.
  • 1941 – Independence of Fiji
  • 1943 - Establishment of Commonwealth of Georgia
  • 1944 – Formation of Quamilarai, current Australian capital
  • 1946 - Australian-Russian Treaty of Cooperation and Amity (TARCA)
  • 1952 – Establishment of New Zealand as a French constitutional part, with departments of Rochefort, Jacquesville and Awaroi
  • 1956 – Establishment of Tolongasport, capital of Georgia
  • 1962 – First migration wave from East Indies
  • 1969 – Second migration wave from East Indies
  • 1971 – Civil Rights Act of Georgia, giving full civil rights Chinese, Indians and other ethnic minorities as well as banning public discrimination.
  • 1974 – Establishment of New Batavia as a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • 1976 – Settlement Law of New Batavia and construction of new cities
  • 1981 – Australian Act of Aboriginals

The Dedicated Australie Section

  • 1875-1877 - 1st Australian war for independence, ends when the communard revolution does
  • 1890s - Australian liberation front starts operating in the blue mountains and northern tip of the colony
  • 1917 - second Australian revolt, afterwards the more autocratic government cracks down hard and sends in a wave of French settlers to act as a favored group in Australian administration -
  • 1935 - GW starts, the French navy invades British Tasmania, & starts mobilizing for invading Georgia -
  • 1936 - start of the Australia Guerilla war led by anti-French creoles armed by the British
  • 1937 - Australia declares independence, French retreat to New Zealand and firebomb Australian cities as they retreat

South Pacific

  • British: in the late 18th century Hicks along with other British explorers/ sailors and whalers visit the south pacific, name some islands and make contact. Much like in OTL the British empire starts to see Tahiti as "a sailors paradise" and starts building good relationships with natives in Tahiti and in Bora-bora (at this point no real colonialism happens yet just a relatively equal (sometimes) trade relationship and the British putting their thumbs on the scale when it comes to island conflicts sometimes). Later when colonization of Western Oceania kicks off the British (along with the French of course) shift their regional focus to the western pacific (which might allow the Genoans time to start building relationships / annexing islands in the region) . In the late 1800's after Genoa, Spain and maybe some other minor powers start sizing up the south pacific, this leads to the British returning attention to the South Pacific and start annexing islands where they can and creating protectorates out of friendly kingdoms. During this time British private enterprise would be investing in the islands and starting copra plantions, phosphorus mines, sandlewood operations, sea cucumbers harvesting etc.
  • Genoa: Basically what I said earlier, Genoa uses their base in Panama city to expand into the Pacific starting with buying islands from Colombia and Spain (Galapagos y Rapa Nui) , finding uninhabited islands (in the case of Pitcairns) and then,slipping under the nose of the British, getting Tonga to become a protectorate of theirs while other powers were busy elsewhere.
  • the Netherlands: So we talked a bit about the idea of a Dutch Norfolk but I think I came up with some lore (also maybe re-purposing BigSchwartz Mijnclara name) for the island. Basically the French colonize the islands (which would be uninhabited at the time) first while they set up their first colony in Australia but abandon the island soon after and focus on Australia and then New Zealand. Then shortly after Dutch sailors (some from NL proper, others from east indies and Taulandt) start using the island as a whaling base and in late 1850s after the loss in the Spanish-Dutch war decide to annex the island (as kinda of a PR move to show "hey things aren't that bad", maybe also it's a personal project of the Crown to regain some popularity amongst the people).

Mesopotamia & the Middle East

lore from Tomar


The last Ma'an dynasty emir of Lebanon, Ahmed bin Mulhim (r. 1659-1704), would die in 1704. After that, a civil war between the Qaysite and Yemenite factions of the Druze would ensue, and the Qaysite leaders, the Kurdish-Druze Dschanbolats (IOTL Jumblatts/Janbulats), would emerge victorious at the Battle of Sughbin (1714). They would buy their way back into the Ottomans' good graces, since Ali Pascha Dschanbolat (executed 1610) was the Governor of Aleppo who allied with the Medicis to overthrow the Ottomans. There would be a total of 9 emirs from 1714 to 1868. Over time, 3 of these would convert to Sunni Islam to gain the favor of the Ottomans. The family would eventually be deposed in 1868 after the Mount Lebanon Civil War (where the Druze eventually won against the Maronites) as part of an Ottoman centralization program. Into the 20th century, the Dschanbolats and other Lebanese political dynasties would still dominate the politics of the area, and would amass more wealth and power after the Great War, during the military clique period.


Also for the Basra/Muntafiq state, I'm thinking that maybe this could happen: Traditionally, the ruling family of the majority-Shi'a Muntafiq confederacy was the Sadun family, who are Sunni. During the early 20th century, perhaps a large number of Muntafiq tribes try and overthrow the Sadun, based on the Sadun 1.) increasing taxes, 2.) appearing to be more loyal to Constantinople than their own confederacy, and 3.) instigating conflict with Shi'i clerics in Karbala and Najaf. The Kashif al-Ghita family, a Muntafiq clan which migrated to Najaf in the early 18th century and became Shi'i clerics, could start a coup d'etat along with other clans like the Rumeid. In the 1930s, the Emirate of the Muntafiq is formed with its capital in Basrah. This Emirate would kind of be structured like Iran IOTL, with the highest-ranking al-Ghita being the Grand Ayatollah, the head of state and highest Shi'i religious authority in the Emirate, and Mesopotamia in general. The position of Prime Minister, the head of government, would be occupied by families like the Rumeidh.

Babans of Kirkuk

They originally ruled a Kurdish principality. ITTL, they would be suppressed by the Ottomans in the 19th century as part of centralization efforts. After that, they would most likely stay on the down-low until the discovery of the Kirkuk oil field in 1924 by an Austrian oil baron. In 1927, the Austrians and Ottomans would build a pipeline from Kirkuk to Haifa in Palestine, so that the oil could be easily exported to Austria. During the GW, the Babans would begin a rebellion and try to sabotage the pipeline. After the Congress of Amsterdam, they re-established their principality with their capital in Kirkuk. They would be the most tense of the Mesopotamian states, as they are the only majority-Kurdish one and have the largest oil reserves.

Jarba Shammars of Deira Zor

A Shammar (same tribe that the Al Rashidis of Ha'il come from) clan that migrated to the north in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. They are of sharifian descent and are considered to be 'full Shammaris'. During Ottoman rule, they would have had a lot of conflicts with them, especially with the Kurdish tribes (like the Milan) that the Ottomans tried to move into Shammar/Anizzah territories. After the GW, the Jarba clan would expel the sedentary Kurds from the area and defeat the Anizzah and other minor tribes with the help of the Rashidis.

Jalilis of Mosul

Descendants of Abd al-Jalili, an Arab/Assyrian merchant from Amid. His son Ismail Pasha. After [a war in the early 1700s, against the Persians or some tribes or smth], Ismail's son Yunus Pasha was made wali of Mosul in 1751. They soon eroded the power of the Umari family, which eventually became their rivals. Struggles for power within the Jalili family occured in 1769, 1785, and 1818. They were dismissed from power in 1890 by the Ottomans, who feared their growth. In 1938, in exile in Aleppo, Salih Pasha Jalili joined the Jarba Shammar rebellion, and with their support would reconquer Mosul and establish an independent principality.

Keylanis of Baghdad

Their family has held the position of naqib-al ashraf ('leader of the descendants of Prophet Muhammad' since the 1550s. They're affiliated with the Sufi Qadiri Order, which was founded by their ancestor Abdul Qadir Keylani (they are also custodians of his mausoleum). The holder of this office during the POD was Shaikh Nūr al-Dīn ibn Walī al-Dīn ibn Shams al-Dīn al-Gailani (died 1664). They are kind of the obvious choice for leadership if Baghdad becomes independent, IOTL the naqib also became Prime Minister of Iraq. They would be supported by other aristocratic Baghdadi families like the Alusi, Haydari, Jamil, etc.

Cold War Timeline

  • 1938-1940: End of the Great War, the breaking up of Austrian and Ottoman empires and the the dividing up of Europe into various spheres of influence.
  • 1941-1945: Cuban civil war. After joint Mexican-NNL support for Anti British Cuban rebels, the British are kicked out of Cuba. This cooperation leads to the formation of the ANAN in 1951.
  • 1945-1946: Overthrow of the Sultanate of Turkey and the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Turkey
  • 1946: Signing of the Antarctic Treaty (1946)
  • 1951-1956: Japanese Civil War. After the end of the great war, Anti-Russian Japanese leader rally start a rebellion against the Japanese state. Their qualms are that Japanese interests were subsumed by Russian ones, they want the return of Japanese land and they didn't get as much land as promised from the Russo-Corean war. After two years of intense fighting between Russian and Japanese forces, and then the other three years of insurgency fighting in the mountains Japan is split between East and West Japan with one side being British backed the other side being Russian backed.
  • 1961-1975: Indonesia War. A major war of decolonization occurs in Indonesia as Dutch rule over the islands start to wane. Leads to a Dutch exodus of the region (but they keep Dutch Australia as a place for Dutch and Indos living in the former colony to move to). In 1975 the Dutch officially pull out and recognize Indonesian independence, leading to the Dutch realigning themselves to the nonaligned block).
  • 1979: Collapse of the Russian Nationalist Regime amidst large scale civilian rebellions.
  • 1980: The end of the cold war leading to the creation of the new Russian State, as well as the start of the British recession.

Urban geography

New Netherland

New Amsterdam




The French founded a fort where present day Peoria is in 1680 but it was destroyed in a native raid and had to be rebuilt in 1683. By the turn of the 17th century Peoria was a small civilian settlement and outpost of French control in the "Upper Country". After Prince Maurice's war and Dutch annexation of the Meerenland in 1755 and the creation of the Dutch Mississippi colony in 1761 the settlement grew in importance as a hub of Dutch colonial administration. In the early and mid 19th century Peoria was overshadowed by other growing cities in Meerenland and it wasn't until the post-war railroad boom in the 1860's and 1870's that Peoria really started to become a major city in North America. Due to it's geographic location and history as an administrative center of the Dutch, Peoria became Tussenland's premier railroad hub. Overtime Peoria grew to become one of Tuseenland's largest cities, Meerenland's largest city and one of the largest cities in North America. During this time Meerenland lost a lot of it's historic Old Country French cultural influence and has become a city that melded Dutch-Amerikaener, French-Meerenlander, native and immigrant influences into its diverse urban fabric.


The 2nd largest city in Meerenland and the largest throughly Francophone city in the province. Detroit grew rapidly from it's humble beginnings as a French fur trading fort in 1701.


The 4th largest city in Meerenland, founded in 1730 by French explorers Saint Alexis has historically been a seen as a cultural capital of Meerenland and homeland of the distinct upper-country French dialect. After the 1861 Meerenland rebellion (part of the larger Tussenland responsible government movement) and the creation of the Dutch federation of Tussenland Saint-Alexis was made the capital of Meerenland. After independence in 1910 Saint-Alexis kept as the capital of the province and while missing the large industry-boom that nearby cities of Peoria, Hulhorst, Mazoires and Detroit, the city experienced a population boom in the mid 20th century due to the rise of the University of Meerenland and an increase in the regional tourism industry. Today Saint-Alexis is known for it's thriving university, picturesque waterfront district and seat of the Meerenland provincial government.



Nieuw Amstelveen








Founded in 1762, the settlement of Groenveld consolidated surrounding Dutch-Amerikaens settlements into a more easily defensible and centerized location after the 1762 charter of the Mississippi settler colony. Owing to it's location in the center of Mississippi Groenveld rapidly grow in importance and by the turn of the 19th century it was the premier Dutch settlement west of Daesemus and the heart of the Mississippi colony In the 19th century Groenveld became an important stop in many of the Boer-trails from NNL and Mississippi towards the newly formed Voortrekker republics. After the 1850 Dutch-Spanish War, further investment in the region to protect the heart of the Tussenland colony, migration of Suyderlings from former South Tussenland, creation of the Tussenland railroad system and further expeditions and settlements into western Tussenland cemented the role of Groenveld as a regional administrative hub for Mississippi. By the turn of the 20th century, Groenveld lost it's position as the largest cities in Mississippi to Krusdorp in the west who grew as the "Gateway to Westerzee". in the 20th century after advances in industrialized farming and agriculture central Mississippi become of the great breadbaskets of North America and Groenveld has become an important distribution hub for farmers throughout Mississippi.