Factions of the Great War

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty

The Great War (1935-1939) was fought between two major factions: the Tripartite Coaltion and the Cordial League.

Tripartite Coalition

The Tripartite Coalition was originally formed with the signing of the Treaty of Agreement on September 7th, 1929 between France, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire. Later in June 1931, the Kingdom of Sicily joined the Tripartite Coalition as the fourth minor member. Throughout the Russo-Corean war, the Tripartite Pact was in correspondence with the Corean Empire. They promoted the Corean cause internationally and politically (Austria going even as far as supporting Corea through an arms-gifting program). Though the Corean empire never officially joined the Tripartite Coalition, it remained closely affiliated until 1936, when the empire fell to the Russians and nationalist collaborators. Additionally, the Coalition had a set of officially neutral and unaffiliated allies such as the Prohibitionist-run Republic of Virginia, the Republic of Genoa & the Kingdom of Illyria (until later in the war when Illyria switched over to the Cordial League's side). In the 1932 and 1935 Conferences on the Fate of Europe held in Paris, the Tripartite powers made several plans to weaken British & Russian influence in Europe and divide the continent into "spheres of influence." Famously, the Bolfras plan was leaked to the British press in June of 1935, sparking international outrage against the pact.

The Tripartite pact was composed of polities of widely different political orientations. France was a Communard Republic, Austria was a neo-autocratic multi-national empire, and the Ottoman state was an empire led by a military government promoting Orkhonism (or Pan-Turkism), with a sultan who served as a figurehead. What allowed these nations to exist harmoniously as allies was the threat of Anglo-Russian domination of Europe and these nations' rejection of the growing economic world order based upon liberal-democratic capitalism in the west.

Members and allies

Cordial League

Model of a French soldier during the Great War. The French army was one of the best-trained in Europe at the time.

Unlike the Tripartite Coalition, the Cordial League was not a multilateral organization until late in the Great War. The Kingdom of Venice and the United Kingdom of Great Britain maintained a strong and growing relationship starting in the first decade of the 20th century, with Britain supporting Venice in their 1908 invasion of the Papal states and the 1911 Austro-Venetian War. In 1917, Britain and their Italian allies Venice, Naples & the Latium Republic signed the 'Adriatic Treaty' in which Britain agreed to protect the nations and provide economic and military investment; out of this and subsequent agreements, Britain obtained a stronger presence in the Mediterranean and created a bulwark against the newly reinvigorated Austrian and Ottoman empires.

After initial skepticism and concern during the Russian Revolution & Civil war, the British Empire and the Russian National Republic signed the first of the Cordial Accords in 1934, where the nations agreed to a mutual understanding and cooperation against common threats. On July 22, 1935, the Russian ambassador to the British Empire signed the 2nd Cordial Accord, which allied the Russian national republic to the British empire and her allies to defeat the Tripartite Coalition. Additionally on the 22nd of July, British allies the Union of Portugal-Brasil, the Kingdom of Venice & the Kingdom of Naples joined the war on the side of the Britain. This day is generally considered to mark the beginning of the Cordial League.

Members and allies

See also