History of Opdamsland
Forced relocation of indigenous peoples
Between 1800 and 1850 the government of Tussenland relocated between 30,000 and 40,000 Indians from the southeast and western great lakes region to west of the Mississippi bordering New Spain. This was done through a series of treaties between the Dutch government, their Iroquoian allies and private Dutch settlers and merchants as well as multiple incidents of forced relocation by the Dutch military. By 1845 Amerikaens had been established as a lingua franca amongst the tribes of the area many of the tribes adopted Dutch cultural practices.
Second Dutch-Spanish War (1850-1855)
During the 2nd Dutch-Spanish War, the area of land that is currently Opdamsland was lost by Dutch Tussenland and gained by the Spanish crown colony of New Spain. In 1855 the Spanish started calling the region Territorio de Acansa. During Spanish rule, Indian tribes that were relocated from Tussenland were mostly left to their own devices. In the 1860s, the Spanish founded the cities of San Pedro (modern day Sint Pietersdorp) and San Sebastian and settled 22 families from the Canary Islands and Galicia in the territory. Additionally a substantial number of non-relocated Indian tribes from Tussenland migrated into the territory voluntary between 1850 and 1895 in order to escape enclosure, land cessions and unequal treaties made by Dutch settlers.
Former the disputed former Indian territory was Opdamsland gained independence as the nation of Opdamsland after the Mexican-Dutch Boer War (1901) in the Treaty of Williamsburg (1903). Opdamsland was meant to act as a buffer state between Mexico and Tussenland and a homeland for native non-Iroquoian peoples of Tussenland. During the first few months after the creation of the new country, the last series of native relocations from Tussenland occurred with over 8,000 Sioux Indians being forcibly relocated by the Tussenland military from Tussenland to the north-west of Opdamsland.
Tribal Council Period (1903-1938)
The original constitution of Opdamsland was written by Tussenland authorities and as such was very pro-Tussenland in outlook in fact any tribal leaders such as Martin F. Semple thought that the constitution was created to make Opdamsland into a client state of the Dutch government. The government that was set up by the Dutch created 18 autonomous tribal districts each governed by an elected chief and two Dutch (in reality Dutchified-Cherokee and Iowan) autonomous municipal districts around the cities of Utrecht and Jongdorp which all each had one vote in a tribal council which functioned as both a legislature and executive.
This created a nation that had a lot of regional autonomy and was conservative in making any decisions. Additionally, there was disagreement over each district receiving equal representation regardless of district population. During this time period relations between Tussenland and Opdamsland were very strong and Dutch-Amerikaaner culture spread throughout the nation replacing most of Spanish and Mexican cultural influence that dominated between 1850 and 1903. Spanish influence wasn't completely erased, with the city of San Sebastian and the western border with Mexico retaining Spanish speaking communities and cultural influence.
Starting in the late 1910s and continuing into the 1920s, Opdamsland experienced an oil boom, and by 1929, the country was producing substantial amounts of petroleum. During the oil boom, many businessmen and companies from Tussenland were awarded oil contracts by tribal leaders and chiefs in exchange for cash payments. By 1930, the vast majority of oil wells were owned by Dutch companies, with most exports going to Tussenland and New Netherland. During this time, a small but influential number of Tussenland Amerikaners migrated to Opdamsland to work in the oil industry, settling almost exclusively within the booming new oil towns. This domination of Tussenlander companies in the oil industry led to a growing anti-Tussenlander sentiment among some segments of the Opdamsland population, who felt that their country's resources were being exploited by foreign interests.
First Republic under Jan Wapamiathe (1937-1959)
In 1936, the Sjouwanacki (Shawnee) politician and orator Jan Wapamiathe (John White Owl) was elected as the Chief Representative of the Sjouwanacki tribe. Capitalizing on the existing anti-Tussenlander sentiment, he built a populist movement aimed at replacing the tribal council with a Western-style government. By 1938, White Owl had gained control of a militia larger than the meager Opdamsland national military and held significant political power within the wealthy and populous Sjouwanacki tribe. He also exerted considerable influence over the Tetoewaen (Lakota) and Tsjatsjah (Choctaw) tribes.
The response from Tussenland to Wapamiathe's growing influence in Opdamsland was tepid and ineffective, as Tussenland was preoccupied with their involvement in the Great War (1935-1939) and unable to devote significant attention to Opdamsland's affairs. In September 1937, Tussenland experienced political upheaval when the Tussenlander NTA government was removed through a vote of no confidence. Wapamiathe saw this political instability as an opportunity to seize control of the Opdamsland government, wagering that he would not face consequences or interventions from Tussenland. On November 2, 1937, Wapamiathe launched a coup and proclaimed himself the first President of Opdamsland.
Wapamiathe's coup caught Tussenland off-guard, and after some saber-rattling and threats to invade Opdamsland, the government of Tussenland reluctantly recognized the new Opdamsland government. Tussenland feared a second war with Mexico, which might intervene on the side of Wapamiathe's government.
Nationalization of the oil industry and cultural reforms
During his presidency, Wapamiathe focused on building closer ties with Mexico and South Tussenland. A long-standing agreement was made between Opdamsland and South Tussenland to allow Opdamsland to ship oil from South Tussenland's ports. He also immediately nationalized the oil industry, removing the economic influence of Tussenland. He also enacted a series of political and cultural changes, which included giving cities an "Indian name" and conducting education and administration exclusively in native languages. In 1942, the government announced plans to rename the nation, but this never materialized due to a lack of popular interest and the inability to find a name that didn't favor one tribe over another.
Wapamiathe's government faced some criticism from other North American nations for corruption in its elections and his consistently high percentage of votes. Despite these criticisms, Wapamiathe remained somewhat popular among the population. Additionally, Opdamsland's ties to Mexico provided a degree of protection and security.
Jan Wapamiathe died under mysterious circumstances in 1949, believed to have been poisoned during a private dinner at his Ajoua residence. The perpetrators and their motivations remain unknown, with conspiracy theories suggesting involvement of political rivals, foreign agents, or disgruntled administration members.
Democratic Opdamsland (1949-1959)
Following Jan Wapamiathe's death in 1949, the populist coalition he had built began to disintegrate. The country underwent a period of political change, culminating in the 1949 elections, when a new president emerged victorious. Running on a platform of liberalization, middle-class urban interests, and pro-North American unity, the president sought to modernize Opdamsland and foster closer ties with its neighbors.
The newly formed government, known as the Liberal-Democrat Coalition, ushered in a wave of reforms. Amerikaner culture and language were reintroduced, and relations between Tussenland and Opdamsland began to normalize. The coalition also steered the country towards regional integration, with Opdamsland joining the Association of North American Nations (ANAN) as a founding member in 1951.
The new government initiated a series of economic reforms, including the gradual privatization of the oil industry to attract foreign investment. However, these policies proved unpopular among the general population, who felt that the government was relinquishing control of a vital national resource. The military, which had grown powerful under Wapamiathe's rule, was particularly resentful of the new administration's direction, favoring protectionist policies and a more heavily nationalized economy.
Despite the progress made in some areas, the Liberal-Democrat government's economic policies ultimately led to mounting tensions with the military establishment, setting the stage for the military junta's rise to power in 1958.
Military Junta (1958-19xx)
In 1958, the military of Opdamsland, discontented with the Liberal-Democrat government's policies, staged a coup and deposed the ruling coalition. The military junta, known as the National Committee for Economic Restoration (Amerikaens: Nationaal Comisie vör Economisch Herstel, or NCvEH), took control of the country, promising to restore order. This period marked a significant shift in Opdamsland's political landscape, as the junta sought to rebuild Jan Wapamiathe's populist coalition, but without implementing his cultural policies.
During the early years of the military junta's rule, Opdamsland experienced a period of political repression and increased military control. The junta focused on maintaining internal stability and fostering economic growth, often through nationalist and protectionist policies. Despite the undemocratic nature of the regime, the junta managed to maintain stability within the country.
The Association of North American Nations (ANAN), which included Mexico and New Netherland among its members, faced a difficult decision regarding its response to the situation in Opdamsland. In 1959, Tussenland proposed a motion for a peacekeeping mission in Opdamsland to restore their democratic government. However, the motion was narrowly rejected, as Mexico and other ANAN members prioritized regional stability over the restoration of democracy in Opdamsland. They viewed the military junta as a stabilizing force, preventing potential chaos and further political turmoil.
As a result, the military junta continued to rule Opdamsland with minimal interference from the international community, particularly Mexico and New Netherland. The junta also announced their commitment to ANAN, anti-Atlanticism, anti-National republicanism, which was well received by the ANAN member states.