William III

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty
William III
King William III of England.jpg
Reign18 May 1692 - 2 May 1712
Coronation10 July 1692
Stadtholder of the Netherlands
Reign22 September 1679 - 2 May 1712
Born18 September 1650
The Hague, Netherlands
Died12 May 1712
Isle of Thanet, United Kingdom
Burial21 May 1712
Westminster Abbey, London
SpouseElisabeth Charlotte of the Palatine
Issue
(details)
HouseStuart-Nassau
FatherWilliam II of Orange
MotherHenrietta I
Religion
Anglicanism (with strong Calvinist leanings)

William III (Dutch: Willem III; 1650-1712) was King of the United Kingdom and Stadtholder of the Netherlands from 1692 to 1712. He was elected as Stadtholder in 1679 and became King of England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1692 upon the death of his mother, Queen Henrietta. As King, he oversaw the Acts of Union between England and Scotland in 1696 and religious upheaval in Britain. In the Netherlands, he suppressed numerous insurrections and payed off large chunks of Dutch public debt. He died at age 61 in the seaside town of Margate while en transit between London and Rotterdam.

Biography

Family

Titles and honours

  • 1650 - 1679: HH The Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau
  • 1679 - 1686: HH The Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of Zeeland
  • 1686 - 1712: HH The Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, and Utrecht
  • 1692 - 1712: His Majesty the King

The official style of William III as king was "William, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Prince of Orange, Defender of the Faith, etc.". In the Netherlands, he was referred to "His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, and Utrecht". He was commonly known as "William of Orange" or by his regnal title, William III.

See also