From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty

Koxinga 1.jpg
Statue of Koxinga in Senkō Temple, Hirado
Teng Sem (鄭森)

Aug 27, 1624
Hirado, Japan
DiedDec 18, 1658
Sasebo, Japan
Cause of deathExsanguination from fatal injury
Burial placeHirado, Japan
NationalityMing dynasty
Other namesTeng Sengkong
Tagawa Fukumatsu
EducationLamoan County School
Ginling Imperial Academy
OccupationPirate, commander, scholar, leader
Years active1638 - 1658
MovementMing loyalism, anti-Tokugawa, anti-Dutch
Spouse(s)Tong Yu (m. 1641)
ChildrenTeng Keng (b. 1642)
Tengicon (b. 1645)
  • Teng Chigeng (father)
  • Tagawa Matsu (mother)
RelativesTagawa Shichizaemon (brother)
FamilyTeng family of Zaiton
Tagawa family of Hirado

Koxinga (1624-1658), known as Teng Sengkong (Chinese: 鄭成功) and Tagawa Fukumatsu (Japanese: 田川福松), was a Sino-Japanese pirate, insurrectionist, and political & military leader. He was a commander in the Battle of Chiangtung Bridge and the Ōmura Rebellion, establishing him as an iconic figure among Asian Christians, Ming loyalists, and later as a national symbol in China, Tauland, & Japan.


Early life

He was born in the port city of Hirado to a Japanese noblewoman named Tagawa Matsu and the Catholic Fukianese warlord and merchant Teng Chigeng. Tagawa Matsu was favoured by the lords of Hirado. Teng Chigeng, also known as Nicholas Iquan Gaspard, was a famed Hokkien anti-Dutch pirate fleet commander. Koxinga was sent to live with his father in the purlieu of Zaiton when he was seven years old, enrolling in the county school. In 1638, he passed the county state examinations and became a scholarship student.

Entrance into Chinese politics and warfare

Climbing to the top and the Battle of Chiangtung Bridge

Expulsion from China and vagrancy

Returning to Japan and the Hirado Agreement

Relationship with Christianity

Involvement in the Ōmura Rebellion

Last fight and death


Titles and honours



See also