House of Bourbon
|Parent house||Capetian dynasty|
|Country||New France (1793–)|
France (1589–1795, 1815–1873)
|Founder||Robert of Clermont|
|Seat||Quebec, New France|
The House of Bourbon (French: Maison de Bourbon) is a prominent European royal house which is currently the reigning dynasty of New France. Of French origin, it was established in the 13th century as a branch of the Capetian dynasty. From 1589 to 1795, the Bourbons ruled the Kingdom of France along with numerous other domains throughout Europe. After the Augustine Wars, two branches of the dynasty ruled simultaneously; the agnatically senior Bourbon-Anjou branch from Quebec and the Valentinois family from Paris. The latter's dissolution in 1874 resulted in New France being the only Bourbon-held domain in modern day.
Branches and relatives
From the 20th century, the House of Bourbon has been split into four main branches:
- Bourbon-Anjou; the senior agnatic line of the dynasty whose members are direct descendants of the first Bourbon monarch, Henry IV. Since 1793, this lineage has been located in New France due to the persecution of royalty during the Augustine Wars.
- Valentinois; established in 1733 with the marriage of the premier prince Duke of Orléans to the Grimaldi sovereign of Monaco. This cadet branch ruled mainland France from 1815 to 1873.
- Güemes; the former Mexican imperial house whose members are female-line Bourbon descendants due to the marriage of fille de France Geraldine to Emperor Jorge of Mexico in 1874.
- Condé; descendants of Huguenot noble Louis, Prince of Condé, uncle of Henry IV of France.
|Genealogy of Bourbon monarchs (1643–)|
- ^ Also known as the House of Grimaldi, Bourbon-Grimaldi, Bourbon-Monaco, or Bourbon-Valentinois. It is also commonly referred to in English and French as the Valentine dynasty (Dynastie valentinoise).
- ^ The official title of the monarch of New France had not been altered; Bourbon-Anjou monarchs continuously refer to themselves as King of France (rex Francie), as has been done since 1190.