State Yangism

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty

State Yangism (also known as Neo-Yangism and National Yangism), is a political ideology that emerged in China during the early 20th century, inspired by the philosophical principles of Yangism, Legalism, and elements of European enlightenment thought. State Yangism emphasizes the centrality of the nation's interests above all in state governance. In Western perspectives, State Yangism is often seen as closely related to national republicanism, with some considering it as an offshoot of the latter.

Core concepts

The fundamental tenet of State Yangism states that actions deemed beneficial to the nation are inherently ethical.

In practice

State Yangism justifies the state-mandated policies enacted in China in the 20th century, such as the centralization of language, nationalization of industry, and the assimilation of cultures.

Differences from traditional national republicanism

Trade and economics

State Yangism lacks an explicit economic doctrine, unlike traditional national republicanism practiced by Russia from the 1920s to 1970s, which promoted self-sufficiency and protectionism. Unlike Russia, which closed itself from most of the world economy prior to the 1970s, China actively engaged in international trade, including regional blocs like the Association of North American Nations (ANAN).

See also