Frederick I

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty
Frederick I
Portrait painted in 1778
Reign9 December 1777 - 28 April 1779
Coronation10 January 1778
PredecessorElizabeth II
SuccessorGeorge I
Member of Parliament for Harwich
Reign1762 – 1773
Born6 February 1737
Schomberg House, London, Britain
Died6-7 May 1779
London, Britain
Burial12 May 1779
Saint Martin's Church, Canterbury
SpouseAmelia, Countess Radnor (m. 1773)
FatherEdward, 3rd Duke of Leinster
MotherLady Valerie Primrose

Frederick I (German: Friedreich; 1737-1779), known as Fred the Wretched, was the King of the United Kingdom from 1777 to 1779. The first member of the Schomberg dynasty to rule, he reigned for two years before being poisoned. Prior to his reign, he had been MP for Harwich various times between 1762 and 1773. Frederick had often been involved in numerous social and political scandals in Britain and the Continent, eventually leading to his inopportune death. He was succeeded by his only brother, George I.



  • Paternal great-grandparents:
    • Meinhardt Schomberg, 1st Duke of Leinster (1641-1719)
    • Princess Caroline Elisabeth of the Palatinate (1659-1696)
  • Paternal grandparents:
    • Charles, 2nd Duke of Leinster (1681-1753)
    • Grandmother: Princess Luise Apollonia of Salm (1679-1701)

Titles and honours

  • 1737 - 1774: Marquess of Harwich
  • 1774-1777: The Duke of Leinster, Duke of Schomberg, Earl of Bangor, Earl of Brentford, Baron Teyes and Tara
  • 1777 - 1779: His Majesty the King

The official style of Frederick I as king was "Frederick, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc.".

See also