Irokees

From Roses, Tulips, & Liberty
Irokees
Pronunciation[iɹɔ.kiːs]
RegionIrokesenland
EthnicityIrokees
Scythian
  • Germanic
Latin
Official status
Official language in
Tussenland

Irokees (/iɹo.kiːs/; French: langue iroquoien), alternatively spelled Irokîs, is a variety of Amerikaens chiefly spoken in Irokesenland. It originally developed among speakers of creole languages in North America in the 18th century. Over time, a process of language shift occurred, where speakers tried to emulate a more prestigious Amerikaens pronunciation. Today, the vernacular is spoken predominantly by the descendants of Iroquois migrants in the 19th century, maintaining unique characteristics from Iroquoian languages and some influences from the neighboring French dialects of Meerenland.

History

Phonology

Consonants
Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Dorsal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d g
Affricate voiceless
voiced
Fricative f s ʃ ɦ
Approximant ɹ j w
Rhotic r
Vowels
Front Central Back
oral long rounded oral long
Close i y u
Close-mid e ə ə̃ o
Open-mid ɛː ɛ̃ œ ɔː ɔ̃
(Near)Open æ æː ɑ ɑː

Hypercorrection

Irokees speakers tend to over-apply language rules deemed to be 'proper Amerikaens', such as the use of labials, the rhotic trilled [r], the fricative [ʃ], the voiced consonants [g] and [ɦ], as well as the over-rounding and lengthening of vowels. This is often realized in epenthesis, where sounds are added to words where they previously would not have been in standard Amerikaens.

See also